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CLASS - DES MOINES
Operational and Building Data
Keel laid on 1 NOV 1945 by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Newport News, VA
Launched 06 MAR 1948
Commissioned 29 JAN 1949
Decommissioned 27 JUN 1975
Stricken 31 JUL 1978
Displacement 17,000 Tons, Dimensions, 716' 6" (oa) x 76' 4" x 26'
Armament 9 x 8"/55, 12 x 5"/38AA, 24 x 3"/50, 24 x 20mm, 4 Aircraft
Armor, 6" Belt, 8" Turrets, 3 1/2" Deck, 6 1/2" Conning Tower.
Machinery, 120,000 SHP; G. E. Geared Turbines, 4 screws
Speed, 33 Knots, Crew 1799.
Fate: Sold for scrap to Southern Scrap Material Co., Ltd, New Orleans 25 FEB 1993
Crew Members: CHARLES R.CLINE, MICHAEL F.WELKER
Crew Member: JOSEPH S. PATULA
Crew Member: DAVID CHRISTENSON
Probably the most significant of the evolutions were the vertical replenishments. Two receiving stations were utilized. In addition to the normal station aft of turret III, a forward area was made by training turret I abeam. While this forward station was inherently more dangerous and less efficient, it did increase the replenishment rate significantly and demonstrated the feasibility of two station vertrep. This was the first time the ship had replenished in this manner. The Weapons Department coordinated the efforts of the entire ship in striking stores below on both fore and aft stations. All of these alongside evolutions were accomplished without any serious injury.The ship helped support various allied units operation on the mainland of South Viet Nam. The guns of the Newport News fired on 1528 gunfire support missions in strikes against the enemy. The ship was credited with destroying or damaging numerous structures, bunkers, fortified trench lines, sampans, ammunition sites and various other strategic areas of vital importance to the enemy. The ship expended a total 10,178 8"/55 cal. projectiles, 8,700 5"/38 cal. projectiles and 50 3"/50 cal. projectiles. While firing a total of 18,928 rounds, not one serious injury occurred.The ship was awarded the "Top Gun" award for support of the allied forces during the deployment. The ship also fired a new type projectile for the first time during this deployment. The rocket assisted projectile increased the range of the 5"/38 cal. guns by as much as 50%. The Weapons Department was able to adapt easily to the new procedures in shooting this new projectile and the overall effectiveness of this weapon was excellent.
Our Members United States Navy Service Page
When built, SACRAMENTO carried more fuel than the largest oiler and more ammunition than the largest ammunition ship in the U.S. Navy as well as a significant portion of the supplies that a stores ships could carry. Later, SACRAMENTO carried (95% fully loaded) 5.2 million gallons of marine distillate fuel and 2.7 million gallons of aviation jet fuel. SACRAMENTO was also capable of carrying over 6 thousand tons of all types of ammunition, 300 tons of refrigerated provisions, 500 tons of dry provisions and 150 tons of other supplies.
She rejoined the 7th Fleet in Southeast Asian waters as the Communists intensified their effort to overthrow Laos. The power and determination of the 7th Fleet was observed by the enemy and the crisis eased. On August 1, 1962, USS KEARSARGE departed Long Beach for the Pacific missile range as a recovery ship in the Mercury orbital space flight of astronaut Walter Shirra. The USS KEARSARGE played her role in the space age by retrieving Shirra and his capsule and returning him to Honolulu. On May 18, 1963, the KEARSARGE repeated her earlier recovery by plucking astronaut Gordon Cooper and his capsule "Faith 7" after he orbited the earth 22 times.
In June 1964 the USS KEARSARGE was deployed on her ninth Far Eastern cruise, returning to operations with the 7th Fleet in Southeast Asia. Her service during the Vietnam War included being dispatched to the South China Sea following the attack on US destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin in the summer of 1964. While US Navy planes destroyed North Vietnam oil and supply depots, Kearsarge provided antisubmarine protection for the 7th Fleet. KEARSARGE earned five battle stars and a Meritorious Unit Commendation during the Vietnam War. The aircraft carrier KEARSARGE was decommissioned in 1970.
Crew Member: E B HARMON
Crew Member: ROBERT J GOURDEAU
Crew Member: VIC BUTE
Crew Member: JAMES R. RUZINOK
On 29 March, as a member of Mine Division 18, she sailed to Charleston, S.C. Swerve stood out of Charleston on 7 April as an escort for CK-2 en route to Bermuda. The convoy arrived there on the 18th and, on 8 May, sailed to the Azores. Swerve called at Gibraltar and proceeded to Naples, Italy.
The minesweeper sailed for Palermo, Sicily, on 20 May and arrived there the next day. She made a voyage to Bizerte and returned to Naples. The ship sailed for Anzio on 4 June, and arrived off the beach the next day.
Swerve remained off Anzio from 5 to 18 June. The ship was under enemy air attacks on the 5th and 9th but was not damaged. On the 19th, she sailed to Malta, via Naples, for degaussing. Training exercises were held off Salerno from 22 June to 4 July. The next day, the minesweeper sailed for Anzio again.
Swerve was sweeping mines off Anzio on 9 July when, at 1300 hours, she struck a mine. There was an underwater explosion under her port quarter; and,three minutes later, she had a 10-degree list to port. The order was given to abandon ship at 1307 hours; and, one minute later, the port rail was under water. The ship continued turning slowly and sinking by the stern. Fifteen minutes after hitting the mine, Swerve's bow was up with the stern resting on the bottom. An hour later the ship sank from sight.
USS JACK was one of the PERMIT - class nuclear-powered attack submarines and the second ship in the Navy named after the fish. The JACK was the only submarine in her class equipped with an
experimental direct-drive plant with counter-rotating propellers on a single shaft. The engine spaces were lengthened by ten feet and the shaft was lengthened by seven feet to accommodate this additional equipment. Although counter-rotating propellers had previously produced impressive gains in speed on the experimental ALBACORE (AGSS 569), in this instance the results were disappointing and led to the abandonment of this approach in subsequent submarine design. Both decommissioned and stricken from the Navy list on July 11, 1990, the JACK subsequently entered the Navy's Nuclear Powered Ship and Submarine Recycling Program at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash. Recycling was completed on June 30, 1992.
Her home port was Norfolk and she was engaged in training operations and maneuvers along the East Coast and the Caribbean before joining the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean in June 1948. In 1950 the USS KEARSARGE was modernized to enable her to handle jet aircraft. In 1952 she joined the fast carrier Task Force 77 off the east coast of Korea where her planes flew nearly 6,000 sorties. KEARSARGE earned two battle stars during the Korean War and the nickname "Mighty Kay".
The carrier USS KEARSARGE, while operating with the 7th Fleet, kept watch over the Formosa Straits. In the fall of 1954 she stood by to assist the Nationalist Chinese in the evacuation of the Tachen Islands. In February 1955 she supported units of the fleet in the successful evacuation of 18,000 civilians and 20,000 military personnel from the islands. During the summer of 1958 USS KEARSARGE was fitted out as an antisubmarine warfare support carrier and reclassified CVS 33.
# Haven Class Hospital Ship: Laid down as Marine Hawk. a Maritime Commission type (C4-S-BB2), hull under Maritime Commission contract (MC 743), at Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Chester, PA.
# Launched, 24 June 1944
# Acquired by the Navy from the Maritime Commission, 19 June 1944
# Converted to a Hospital Ship at Todd-Erie Basin Shipyard, Inc., Brooklyn, N.Y.
# Commissioned USS Haven (AH-12), 5 May 1945, CAPT. T. T. Patterson in command
# Reclassified Evacuation Transport (APH-112), 12 June 1946
# Reclassified Hospital Ship (AH-12) in October 1946
# Decommissioned, 1 July 1947, at San Diego, CA.
# Laid up in the Pacific Reserve Fleet, San Diego Group
# Recommissioned, 15 September 1950
# Decommissioned, 30 June 1957, at Long Beach, CA. and placed in service at Long Beach Naval Station
# Placed out of service and struck from the Naval Register, 1 March 1967
# Transferred to the Maritime Commission for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay, Benecia, CA.
# Final Disposition, fate unknown
# Haven r Specifications:
Displacement 11,141t(lt).15,000 t.(fl)
Beam 71' 6"
Draft 23' 6"
Speed 17.5 kts.
Patient Capacity 800
Propulsion geared turbine, single screw
sailors through 1955 and 1956 and decommissioned at Long Beach 30 June 1957. She was placed in an "In Reserve, In Service" status, and remained moored at Long Beach providing medical services to the Pacific Fleet until 1 March 1967 when she was struck from the Navy List. Haven was returned to the Maritime Administration 5 June 1967 and is at present berthed in the National Defense Reserve Fleet at Suisun Bay, Calif.
Haven received nine battle stars for Korean War service.
* Haskell class Attack Transport: Built at Kaiser, Vancouver, and commissioned 30 December 1944
* Displacement: 14,800 tons (full load)
* Length: 455'
* Beam: 62'
* Draft: 28'
* Speed: 16.5 knots
* Armament: 1 5"/38 DP, 4x2 40mm, 1x4 40mm, 10 20mm
* Complement: 536
* Capacity: 2 LCM(3), 1-22 LCVP; 1-2 LCP(L), 1 LCP(R)
* Geared turbine engines, single screw, 8,500 hp
* Speed 19kts; Complement 56 Officers 480 Enlisted; Troop Capacity 86 Officers 1,475 Enlisted;
Crew Member: ERIC HARVEY
Crew Member: PAUL R TODD
Crew Member: CAROLL M WARREN
Crew Member: E B HARMON
De Haven escorted Ranger (CV-4) from Norfolk to Pearl Harbor, arriving 3 August 1944. She screened a convoy to Eniwetok between 16 and 30 August, and returned to Eniwetok 5 October. A week later she got underway for Ulithi to join TF 38. Operating from this base she screened the fast carriers striking Luzon in support of the invasion of Leyte during November and December. In coordination with the invasion of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, the force hit Formosa, Luzon, Camranh Bay, Hong Kong, Hainan, and Okinawa in a score of strikes extending from 30 December 1944 to 26 January 1945.On 10 February 1945 De Haven sortied from Ulithi with TF 58, to prepare for the invasion of Iwo Jima,
striking the Japanese mainland as well as the Nansei Shoto, and then providing fire support for the invading troops. Returning to Ulithi 4 March, she sailed 10 days later to screen air strikes on Kyushu, Japan, prior to the invasion of Okinawa. Until 13 June she screened the carriers and gave fire support at Okinawa. On 1 July she sailed from Leyte with TF 38 for the final air strikes and bombardments on the Japanese homeland which continued until the end of the war. Present in Tokyo Bay 2 September for the signing of the surrender, De Haven sailed on 20 September for the States, arriving at San Francisco 15 October.Between 1 February 1946 and 3 February 1947, De Haven served in the Western Pacific, joining the 7th Fleet in operations off the coast of China, and patrolling off the Japanese coast. She operated along the west coast through 1948 and 1949 and on 1 May 1950 cleared San Diego for another tour of duty in the western Pacific, arriving at Yokosuka the last day of May. When the Communists invaded South Korea 25 June 1950, De Haven was assigned to patrol off the Korean coast. She screened the Norwegian ship Reinholt evacuating American dependents from Inchon to Yokosuka; patrolled on the blockade; bombarded shore targets; acted as lifeguard and communications linking ship for air strikes against Pyongyang and Haeju; and provided call fire support for United Nations troops. On 13 and 14 September she stood up a treacherous channel to anchor a scant 800 yards from Wolmi-Do and pour fire into the concealed gun emplacements in preparation for the bold assault on Inchon. De Haven provided gunfire support for the successful landings the following day, and for her part in this daring action was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation. Returning to Blockade duty 25 September 1950 De Haven dispersed a Communist force attempting to ambush a Korean Army unit; aided the mined Brush (DD-745) and escorted her to Sasebo; and provided fire support for a British Commando raid on 6 and 7 October. She cleared Yokosuka 1 November for San Diego, arriving 18 November. During De Haven's second tour of Korean duty from 18 June 1951 to 17 February 1952 she served primarily on blockade patrol. After an overhaul and local operations at San Diego, she sailed from Long Beach 16 September 1952 to serve as flagship for ships on patrol in the Chongjin-Songjin-Chaho area until 18 November. After patrol duty with TF 77, she returned to Korean waters for duty with TF 95 on patrol off Wonsan Harbor, supporting the minesweeping operations there from 12 to 18 February. She got underway from Sasebo 22 March for Long Beach, arriving 9 April. De Haven continued to alternate duty in the western Pacific with local operations along the west coast, making six voyages to the Far East from 1953 through 1959. On 1 February 1960 she began a major overhaul for modernization at San Francisco, completed in September. De Haven returned to training activities through the remaining months of 1960. De Haven received five battle stars for World War II service and in addition to her Navy Unit Commendation received six for Korean War service.
Keel Laid: June 22, 1968
Launched: May 13, 1972
Commissioned: May 3, 1975
Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding Co., Newport News, Va.
Propulsion system: 2 nuclear reactors Main Engines: four
Blades on each Propeller: five
Aircraft elevators: four
Arresting gear cables: four
Lengths, overall: 1.092 feet
Flight Deck Width: 252 feet
Area of flight deck: 4.5 acres
Beam: 134 feet (40.84 meters)
Draft: 37.7 feet (11.3 meters)
Displacement: approx. 97,000 tons full
Speed: 30+ knots
Planes: approx. 85
Crew: Ship: 3,200 ; Air Wing: 2,480
Armament: 3 Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) launchr 3 Mk 29 NATO Sea Sparrow launchers
Homeport: San Diego, Cali
Auk Class Minesweeper: Laid down, 27 May 1942 by the John H. Mathis Co., Camden, NJ; Launched, 25 February 1943; Commissioned 23 January 1944; Struck a mine and sank off Anzio Beach, Italy 9 July 1944; Struck from the Naval Register, 22 August 1944.
Specifications: Displacement 890 t.; Length 221' 2"; Beam 32'; Draft 10' 9"; Speed 18 kts; Complement 105; Armament one single 3"/50 gun mount, two twin 40mm gun mounts, two single 20mm gun mounts, two depth charge tracks, five depth charge projectiles; Propulsion two 3,532 shp General Motors diesel engines, two shafts.
The first Swerve (AM-121) was laid down on 27 May 1942 by the John H. Mathis Co., Camden, N.J.; launched on 25 February 1943, sponsored by Miss E C. Draemel, and commissioned on 23 January 1944, Lt A. Morthland, USNR, in command. Swerve held sea trials from 1 to 14 February and sailed for Little Creek on the 15th to begin her shakedown cruise. Most of March was spent in a post- shakedown availability and in training.
After shakedown off Bermuda and further training at Norfolk and Casco Bay, Maine, Mansfield steamed via the Panama Canal for the west coast, arriving San Diego 10 September 1944. A week later, in company with DesDiv 122, she headed for Pearl Harbor, conducting training exercises en route. After antiaircraft and shore bombardment exercises at Pearl Harbor, Mansfield and four other destroyers escorted a convoy to Ulithi.
There Mansfield joined TG 38.1 to screen and serve as picket during carrier strikes against central Luzon, including the Manila area. On 10 December 1944, Mansfield, with DesRon 61 in TG 38.2, again screened raids on Luzon. After several successful strikes, a sudden typhoon canceled further strikes and capsized destroyers Hull (DD-350), USS Spence, and Monaghan (DD-354).
Amphibious/Attack Transports were designed to sail to the site of amphibious operations carrying assault troops and support equipment. APA/LPAs had the capacity to hold a full battalion of troops. The APA disembarked troops with the ships own landing craft. The APA would then stand off the beachhead ready to evacuate troops, casualties, and prisoners of war. In order to carry out its primary mission APAs had to
provide all facilities for the embarked troops including, berthing, messing , medical and dental care, and recreational facilities. All APAs in the Navy inventory on 1 January 1969 were redesignated LPAs. Bottineau completed outfitting, made her shakedown cruise, and conducted several weeks of tactical drills and amphibious exercises out of San Pedro, Calif. At the end of February 1945, she steamed to San Francisco, Calif., where she loaded a cargo of ammunition and other ordnance. The attack transport departed San Francisco on 13 March and arrived in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the 19th. After unloading her cargo, Bottineau joined Task Unit (TU) 13.10.16 for several days of amphibious training in the waters around the islands. She completed that assignment on 29 March and returned to Pearl Harbor for several days before getting underway for the western Pacific.
The attack transport embarked units of the Army's 77th Division and stood out of Pearl Harbor on 9 April. Steaming via Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands, Bottineau arrived at Saipan in the Mariana Islands on 23 April. The ship remained at Saipan until 5 May at which time she put to sea with a convoy bound for the Ryukyu Islands. Near its destination, the convoy came under attack by a Japanese submarine. The convoy's escorts sighted torpedo wakes, made sonar contact, and delivered a vigorous depth charge attack. Though the escorts apparently failed to sink the submarine, they foiled her attack on the convoy, and all ships made it safely to Okinawa on 10 May. Bottineau remained at Okinawa for five days disembarking troops, unloading cargo, and taking on casualties. On 15 May, she put to sea bound ultimately for San Francisco. The ship stopped at Ulithi Atoll for fuel and at Guam to embark additional casualties before arriving in Pearl Harbor. More passengers came on board Bottineau in Hawaii, and the attack transport continued her voyage, arriving in San Francisco on 10 June. After a six-day layover during which she embarked replacement troops for the Philippines, the attack transport departed San Francisco. The ship made stops at Eniwetok and Ulithi before arriving in Manila on 10 July. After disembarking the troops and unloading her cargo, Bottineau set sail for Hawaii where she was to have trained in preparation for the invasion of the Japanese home islands. When the Japanese capitulation obviated that mission in mid-August 1945, the attack tranaport received orders to transport elements of the Army's 98th Division to Japan for occupation duty. Bottineau departed Pearl Harbor in convoy on 7 September and arrived off Honshu on the 26th. The ship spent the next several days disembarking troops and unloading cargo. On 6 October, she got underway to return to the United States. After picking up homeward-bound servicemen at various points along the way, she entered port at San Diego on 24 October. After voyage repairs at San Diego, Bottineau resumed voyages to the western Pacific. Between early November 1945 and early February 1946, she made two round-trip voyages from the west coast to Japanese ports carrying troops and supplies for the occupation of Japan and returned with servicemen ready to be discharged. Late in May 1946, the attack transport became an element of Joint Task Force 1, the organization charged with the conduct of the nuclear bomb tests at Bikini Atoll during the summer of 1946. Bottineau observed both detonations and transported post-test boarding teams to the target vessels themselves. The attack transport concluded those duties in Auqust and entered port at San Francisco on the 21st. The ship remained there undergoing inactivation preparations for the ensuing six months. On 8 March 1947, Bottineau was decommissioned and berthed with the San Francisco Group, Pacific Reserve Fleet. As a result of the need for additional ships in the active fleet, a necessity which grew out of American involvement in the conflict between North and South Korea, Bottineau began preparations for reactivation late in 1950. She was recommissioned at the San Francisco Naval Shipyard on 24 March 1951, Capt. O. B. Cushing in command. For almost five months, the ship conducted training out of west coast ports. On 18 August, she got underway from San Diego, bound for duty with the Atlantic Fleet. The attack transport entered her new home port at Little Creek, Va., on 4 September and reported for duty with Transport Division (TransDiv) 24, Amphiblous Group (PhibGru) 2, Atlantic Fleet. At that point, Bottineau began three years and seven months of duty in support of the missions assigned to the Atlantic Fleet amphibious units. Between September 1951 and October 1953, the ship operated along the Atlantic seaboard, in the West Indies, and near the Panama Canal engaged in an assortment of amphibious training missions, convoy exercises, and individual ship's drills. Late in October 1953, the attack transport moved to Davisville, R.I., where she embarked Mobile Construction Battallion (MCB) 4. On 24 October, she set sail for Morocco. Arriving in Casablanca on 2 November, Bottineau disembarked MCB 4 and took on board MCB 6 for the return voyage. She stood out of Morocco on 5 November and disembarked MCB 6 back at Davisville on the 14th. Upon her return to the United States, the attack transport resumed her former employment. Operating from Little Creek, she conducted various training evolutions along the east coast and in the West Indies. During the period 5 May to 6 June 1954, Bottineau steamed from the Norfolk area to Davisville, thence to Casablanca and back, transporting MCB 7 to Morocco and returning MCB 4 home. Between 14 and 19 October 1954, the ship transported MCB 1 from Argentia, Newfoundland, back to its base at Davisville. In January 1955, Bottineau was reassigned to Transport Amphibious Squadron (TransPhibRon) 10. On 11 February 1955, she embarked upon a voyage to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, where she took on board the men and equipment of MCB 4. The attack transport brought the seabees back to Davisville on the 18th. At the end of March, she began her second and last inactivation overhaul at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard. She was decommissioned at Philadelphia on 31 August 1955 and berthed with the Philadelphia Group, Atlantic Reserve Fleet. Sometime before mid-1964, she was placed in the custody of the Maritime Administration and berthed in its James River, Va., facility. That event probably occurred around 1 July 1961 at which time her name was struck from the Navy list. Sometime between July 1983 and January 1984, she was disposed of by the Maritime Administration, probably through sale for scrap.
While not normally loaded, SACRAMENTO carried 220 different items (dry and refrigerated) and 120 other items when deployed. Sacramento served in the Gulf of Tonkin during the Vietnam War. It was known as a "floating supermaket" because of all the goods it carried. She departed Long Beach on 28 November for her first WestPac deployment.
On 9 December, two days out of Pearl Harbor Sacramento refueled Ticonderoga (CVA-14), Kearsarge (CVA-33), and five destroyers. She then continued on to Sasebo, Japan. Through this 175-day deployment, Sacramento provided in-port services, and, for four months, replenished ships in the South China Sea. She serviced 294 ships, transferred 35 million gallons of fuel, 1,191 short tons of provisions, and 670 tons of ammunition. During this period, she steamed over 39, 000 miles and called at Sasebo, Yokosuka, Hong Kong, and Pearl Harbor. Refresher training and the usual preparations for sea preceded her second departure for WestPac on 14 October. She became an integral part of Task Force 73, the 7th Fleet replenishment and mobile logistics support force. She then steamed to Yankee Station off Vietnam's coast to begin duties on the replenishment line. A typical cycle in Vietnamese waters consisted of two and one-half weeks on Yankee Station, a quick run back to Subic Bay for five or six days of in-port loading, then a return to station. This nine-month deployment ended 17 July 1966.Sacramento stood out on 25 November to commence a third WestPac deployment and resumed her Yankee Station cycle for months of vital service before returning home. A fourth WestPac deployment commenced on 6 January 1968. After replenishing the 351st ship of that deployment on 15 June, she steamed for the west coast. She again steamed west on 11 February 1969, arrived at Subic Bay on the 28th, and five days later headed for Yankee Station. This deployment saw Sacramento complete 471 replenishments while steaming over 51,000 miles, returning home at the end of September 1969. She arrived in Subic Bay, P.I., on 15 March 1970, and, six days later headed for Yankee Station. She continued making trips between Subic Bay and Yankee Station through August, taking time out to visit Yokosuka in June, and Hong Kong in July. The end of 1970 saw her still at Puget Sound. She departed Bangor on 1 March 1971 and entered Subic Bay on the 20th. Four days later, Sacramento exited Subic Bay on her first line swing of this tour. She sailed back and forth between Subic Bay and Yankee Station until 5 August. She finished out 1971 on the west coast, commencing overhaul at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard on 1 December. On 1 August 1972, at which time she departed from Bangor, en route to Subic Bay. She replenished units of the 7th Fleet, off the coast of Vietnam, for the next six and one-half months, finally departing from Subic Bay on 23 March 1973.
USS Nimitz (CVN 68) is an impressive sight. Nearly 1,100 feet long and displacing 95,000 tons, the sheer size of this "floating city" is staggering. But the real marvel of an aircraft carrier is the enormous amount of activity concentrated in such a relatively small area. On the flight deck and in the hangar bay, the air wing operates up to about 70 aircraft. Below in the engineering spaces, two nuclear reactors provide propulsion and electricity. There are repair facilities of all kinds, supporting the air wing, Nimitz, and all ships of the battle group. The enormous job of supporting the air wing falls on the crew, which must provide for all of their needs. Being nuclear powered, the ship can sail nearly indefinitely at high speed (30+ knots) to take station where needed. Once on station, the ship itself carries great quantities of food, aviation fuel, and spare parts for sustained, unsupported operations. To resupply, Navy oilers and combat support ships bring aviation fuel, fresh food and weapons.
Awarded: January 27, 1956
Keel laid: December 3, 1956
Launched: January 4, 1958
Commissioned: November 7, 1958
Decommissioned: Dec 15,1988
Builder: Bath Iron Works, Bath, ME
Propulsion system: four-1200 lb. boilers; 2 steam turbines; t2 shafts
Length: 418.3 feet (127.5 meters)
Beam: 45,3 feet (13.8 meters)
Draft: 22 feet (6.7 meters)
Displacement: 4,000 tons full load
Speed: 32+ knots
Armament: three Mk-42 5-inch/54 caliber guns, Mk-32 ASW torpedo tubes (two triple mounts)
Crew: 17 officers, 275 enlisted
* Commencement Bay class Escort Carrier
* Displacement: 11,373 tons
* Length: 557'1"
* Beam: 105'2"
* Draft: 32'
* Speed: 19 kts.
* Armament: 2 5"/38, 36 40mm, 18 20mm, 30 planes
* Complement: 1,170
* Built at Todd-Pacific Shipyards, Inc., Tacoma and commissioned 27 Feb 1946
After shaking down along the west coast, the new ship served with the Atlantic Fleet until April 1950, when she returned to the Pacific. On the outbreak of the Korean War in late June 1950, Sicily was quickly sent the the Western Pacific to provide anti-submarine air coverage, but soon embarked Marine Corps aircraft to support combat forces ashore. Over the next few months, her planes were active in the defense of the Pusan Perimeter and in the Inchon landings. In October and November, she reverted to the anti-submarine mission, but beginning in December again operated Marine planes to help counter the intense Chinese offensive that so changed the war in late 1950.
Sicily's first Korean tour ended early in 1951, but she made two more deployments to the combat zone, one in May-October 1951 and the second in May-December 1952. During the latter cruise, she temporarily operated Marine helicopters in early experiments with sea-based vertical envelopment techniques. In July 1953, as the war was nearing an end, Sicily returned to the Western Pacific, remaining there until February 1954. Decommissioned shortly after that deployment ended, She was reclassified as an aircraft transport, with the hull number AKV-18, in May 1959. Somewhat more than a year later, in November 1960, USS Sicily was sold for scrapping
Proud Service On These Proud Ships
In May, 1945 she was the site of the 2 September 1945 Japanese surrender ceremony that ended World War II.
departed Norfolk 19 August 1950, to support U.N. forces in their fight
against Communist aggression in Korea. Missouri joined the U.N. just west of
Kyushu 14 September, becoming flagship of Rear Adm. A. E. Smith. The first
American battleship to reach Korean waters, she bombarded Samchok 15
September 1950 in a diversionary move coordinated with the Inchon landings.
In company with cruiser Helena and two destroyers, she helped prepare the
way for the 8th Army offensive.
After screening carrier Valley Forge along the east coast of Korea, she conducted bombardment missions 12 to 26 October in the Chonjin and Tanchon areas, and at Wonsan. After again screening carriers eastward of Wonsan she moved into Hungnam 23 December to provide gunfire support about the Hunguam defense perimeter until the last U.N. troops, the U.S. 3d Infantry Division, were evacuated by way of the sea on Christmas Eve 1950.
Missouri conducted additional operations with carriers and systematic shore bombardments off the east coast of Korea until 19 March 1951. She arrived Yokosuka 24 March, and 4 days later was relieved of duty in the Far East. She departed Yokosuka 28 March, and upon arrival Norfolk 27 April
Missouri stood out of Hampton Roads 11 September 1952 and arrived Yokosuka 17 October. She broke the flag of Vice Adm. J. J. Clark, commander of the 7th Fleet, 19 October. Her primary mission was to provide seagoing artillery support by bombardihg enemy targets in the Chaho-Tanchon area, at Chongjin, in the Tanchon-Sonjin area, and at Chaho, Wonsan, Hamhung, and Hungnam during the period 25 October through 2 January 1953. In the following weeks, Missouri resumed "Cobra" patrol along the east coast of Korea in direct support of troops ashore. Repeated strikes against Wonsan, Tanehon, Hungnam, and Kojo destroyed main supply routes along the eastern seaboard.
The last gunstrike mission by Missouri was against the Kojo area 25 March, 1953.
Keep checking for future updates, Post Members are encouraged to submit info.
Keel laid: January 6, 1941
Launched: January 29, 1944
Commissioned: June 11, 1944
Decommissioned: February 26, 1955
2nd commissioning: May 10, 1986
2nd decommissioning: March 31, 1992
Builder: New York Naval Shipyard, Brooklyn, New York
Propulsion system: 8 boilers, 4 geared turbines
Length: 889 feet (271 meters)
Beam: 108 feet (32.9 meters)
Draft: 35,7 feet (10.9 meters)
Displacement: Light: 46,000 tons
Displacement: Full: 57,000 tons
Speed: 33 knots
Aircraft: no hangar, but parking area for four SH-3 or four SH-60
Crew 1992: 59 officers ,1,201 enlisted
Crew 1991: 65 officers, 1,501 enlisted
WWII: 134 officers 2,400 enlisted 9 16 in (406 mm) 50 cal. Mark 7 guns
20 5 in (127 mm) 38 cal. Mark 12 guns
80 40 mm, 56 cal. Anti-Aircraft guns
49 20 mm, 70 cal. Anti-Aircraft guns
Preparations for the ship’s first extended Western Pacific (WESTPAC) deployment were completed and Kitty Hawk departed San Diego in September 1962, returning the following year. From 1963 to 1972, Kitty Hawk and Carrier Air Wing ELEVEN (CVW-11) completed eight extended deployments, including six in support of American forces in Vietnam. During that period, Kitty Hawk was awarded a Presidential Unit Citation, a Meritorious Service Commendation, four Navy Unit Commendations, a Battle Efficiency "E" and many other unit awards. Also, Lt. C.E. Klusmann of VFP-63, Det. C., was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his participation in photo recon missions. On March 2, 1999, KITTY HAWK departed Yokosuka on a three-and-a-half month deployment to the Arabian Gulf where she operated in support of Operation Southern Watch. Before entering the Indian Ocean she participated in Exercise Tandem Thrust in the Pacific, during which the former USS OKLAHOMA CITY (CLG 5) was being used as a target. After the exercise, KITTY HAWK visited Apra Harbor, Guam, on April 3, 1999, before departing for the Persian Gulf where she patrolled the No-Fly-Zone over southern Iraq. KITTY HAWK departed the Gulf on July 15, 1999. After the terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, DC, on September 11, 2001, the KITTY HAWK Battle Group was ordered to deploy to the Indian Ocean and was later involved in combat missions against the Taliban and Al Qaida in Afghanistan. The Battle Group returned to Yokosuka on December 23, 2001.The ship got underway again late January 2002, with orders to deploy to the Persian Gulf as part of the build-up of military forces in the area in preparation for the war against the regime of Saddam Hussein in Iraq. KITTY HAWK arrived on station late February/early March and from March 20 on, participated in air strikes against targets in Iraq as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
On Friday, 13 March 1964, EDSON departed for her third WESTPAC deployment. August found EDSON in the Gulf of Tonkin on special operations. It was here she was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation for exceptionally meritorious service in support of operations in the Gulf of Tonkin during the period 2 - 5 August 1964. EDSON participated in successful air strike counterattack operations against the North Vietnamese Torpedo boats and supporting facilities, while serving with T.G. 77.5. On 13 September, after support roles with amphibious operations off the South Vietnamese Coast, EDSON departed for the United States. On 15 October 1965, EDSON
Crew Member: VANCE P MEDLOCK
Crew Member: WALTER DOUGAN
RADARMAN: WILLIAM D TILLER
Crew Member: FRANK KELLY
Crew Member: WILLIAM E. BRAKE
Crew Member: STANFORD 'ROD' CAMERON
During Nimitz' third cruise to the Mediterranean beginning Sept. 10, 1979, it was dispatched to strengthen the U.S. Naval presence in the crucial Indian Ocean area as tensions heightened over Iran's taking of 52 American hostages. Four months later, Operation "Evening Light" was launched from Nimitz in an attempt to rescue the hostages. The rescue was aborted in the Iranian Desert when the number of operational helicopters fell below the minimum needed to transport the attack force and hostages out of Iran. During its deployment, the ship operated 144 continuous days at sea. Nimitz' homecoming on May 26, 1980 was, at the time, the largest given to any carrier battle group returning to the United States since the end of World War II. The ship's crew was greeted by President and Mrs. Carter, members of Congress, military leaders and thousands of families and friends.
On May 15, 1981, Nimitz departed Norfolk for the final phases of her workup schedule for an upcoming Mediterranean Cruise. On the night of May 25, an EA-6B Prowler crash-landed on the flight deck, killing 14 crewmen and injuring 45 others. The carrier returned to port to repair damaged catapults and returned to sea less than 48 hours later to complete its training schedule. On August 18 and 19, 1981 during its fourth deployment, Nimitz and USS FORRESTAL conducted an open ocean missile exercise in the Gulf of Sidra near what Libyan leader Khadafi called the "Line of Death." On the morning of August 19, two Nimitz aircraft from VF-41 were fired upon by Libyan pilots. The Nimitz pilots returned fire and shot both Libyan aircraft from the sky. Newspapers across the country rallied around the incident against terrorist-backing Libya with front-page headlines reading "U.S. 2 - Libya 0." On June 14, 1985, two Lebanese Shiite Muslim gunmen hijacked TWA Flight 847, carrying 153 passengers and crew, including many Americans. In response, Nimitz was ordered to steam at flank speed to the Eastern Mediterranean, off the coast of Lebanon, where it remained until August. After another extended deployment, Nimitz left the Mediterranean on May 21, 1987. It crossed the Atlantic Ocean, rounded the rough waters of Cape Horn, South America, and sailed for the first time in the waters of the Pacific Ocean enroute to its new homeport, Bremerton, Wash. Nimitz arrived there July 2, 1987.
At the beginning of the year Newport News was in the port of Subic Bay, making final preparations for a six month deployment in the Western Pacific in support of allied troops in South Viet Nam. During the next six months, the Weapons Department took part in many significant evolutions. The ship had 68 alongside evolutions; included were 21 re-armings, 26 refuelings, 50 highlines, two conreps and five vertical replenishments.
Awarded: August 8, 1960 Keel laid June 30, 1961 Launched: September 14, 1963 Commissioning: March 14, 1964 Decommissioned: October 1, 2004 Builder: Puget Sound NSY, Bremerton, Wash. Propulsion System: four V2M 600 PSI Propulsion Boilers Propellers: two Length: 794 feet (242 meters) Beam: 107 feet (32.6 meters) Draft: 38 feet (11.6 meters) Displacement approx. 53,000 tons Speed: 26 knots Aircraft: two CH-46 Armament: one Sea Sparrow launcher, two Phalanx CIWS Crew 48 Officers, 678 Enlisted
coalition air forces to conduct a successful power projection strike in southern Iraq. This was Leahy's last and final WestPac deployment. During the return transit to San Diego, Leahy was awarded the Battle "E" from Commander, Cruiser Destroyer Group Five by Commander, Naval Surface Forces, Pacific. During the two year competitive cycle from 1 January 1991 to 31 December 1992, Leahy also received mission area excellence awards in Anti-Air Warfare, Anti- Surface Warfare, Anti- Submarine Warfare, Maritime Warfare/ Power Projection, Command And Control, Supply, and Engineering/ Survivability. Additionally, Leahy was awarded the Pacific Fleet's Ant-Air Warfare Excellence Award. Leahy, at this time, was the oldest conventional cruiser in the U.S. Navy.
Mansfield’s task group picked up survivors and returned to Ulithi. On 30 December, Mansfield joined TG 30.1 for airstrikes against Formosa and central Luzon. Afterwards, Admiral William Halsey took the 3rd Fleet, with TG 30.1, through the Bashi Strait into the South China Sea, up to then a private lake of the Japanese Navy. However, no Japanese units challenged Halsey’s fleet during its 3,800 mile foray along the China coast from Hong Kong to Saigon. From 10 to 20 January 1945, 3rd Fleet aircraft battered enemy facilities and merchant ships and destroyed 112 Japanese planes.
In early February 1945, Mansfield screened in TG 58.1 as carriers flew strikes against targets in the Tokyo industrial area. On 15 February Mansfield helped Bush (DD-529) splash an enemy fighter closing the formation. From 17 to 23 February, TG 58.1 lent fighter support for the Iwo Jima assault, then steamed at full speed back to the Tokyo area for bombing runs on Nagoya and Kobe. As heavy weather set in, the task group retired southward, pounding enemy shore installations on Okinawa while en route to Ulithi for replenishment.
From 14 March to 27 April 1945, Mansfield screened carriers during strikes against southern Kyushu, followed by sweeps against Okinawa Gunto. On 9 May 1945, her flattops again pounded Kyushu, Okinawa, and the island groups between. From 28 May, when the 5th Fleet again became the 3d Fleet and TG 58.1 became TG 38.1, to the Japanese surrender 15 August, the destroyer operated off the Japanese homeland. Three weeks before VJ Day, Mansfield, with eight destroyers of DesRon 61, conducted a daring high‑speed torpedo run into Nojima Saki, sinking or damaging four enemy ships.
After witnessing the formal Japanese surrender ceremony in September in Tokyo Bay, Mansfield returned to the west coast. During the postwar years, the combat veteran trained reservists from the west coast and made annual cruises to WestPac as part of the Destroyer Force, Pacific Fleet.
On 27 June 1950, 2 days after the North Korean invasion of South Korea, Mansfield steamed from Sasebo, Japan, to South Korea to provide gunfire support and escort services. Three months later, as flagship for DesDiv 91, she led the division into Inchon Channel, openly inviting shore batteries to unmask themselves. After the shore opened up upon her, Mansfield smothered them with a 5‑inch bombardment; she suffered no damage or casualties in the action.
Two weeks after Inchon, Mansfield, while searching for a downed Air Force B‑26, struck a mine which severed the bow below the main deck and seriously injured 27 crewmembers. Receiving a stub bow at Subic Bay, she steamed to Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash., for repairs, rejoining the U.N. Fleet off South Korea late in 1951 for gunfire support, escort, and shore bombardment duty.
After Korea, Mansfield alternated between duty in WestPac and training west coast reservists. Overhauled in the fall of 1955 at the Naval Shipyard, Long Beach, California, she returned there in 1960 for FRAM. The Mark II overhaul and conversion replaced her 3 inch 50 cal. battery with Mark 25 and Mark 32 antisubmarine torpedo batteries, and configured the after superstructure for DASH. From October 1960 to October 1961, the “new” destroyer conducted training exercises with the 1st Fleet off the west coast. For the following 3 years, home ported at Yokosuka, she provided escort service for the 7th Fleet’s Fast Carrier Attack Force.
CLASS - ALLEN M. SUMNER As Built.
Displacement 3218 Tons (Full), Dimensions, 376' 6"(oa) x 40' 10" x 14' 2" (Max)
Armament 6 x 5"/38AA (3x2), 12 x 40mm AA, 11 x 20mm AA, 10 x 21" tt.(2x5).
Machinery, 60,000 SHP; General Electric Geared Turbines, 2 screws
Speed, 36.5 Knots, Range 3300 NM@ 20 Knots, Crew 336.
Operational and Building Data
Laid down by Bath Iron Works, Bath Me. August 28 1943.
Launched January 29 1944 and commissioned April 14 1944.
Decommissioned February 4 1971.
Stricken February 1 1974.
Fate To Argentina June 4 1974 and cannibalized for spare parts.
Builder New York Shipbuilding
Eight steam boilers
Four steam turbine engines GE Thrust 276,170 HP 205,940 kW
Number of propellers Four
Diameter of propeller 21 ft 6.4 m
Fuel capacity 4,000,000 Gallon Length 1,065 ft
Width of flight deck 273 ft
Height above waterline 201 ft Draft 36 ft
Avg Displacement 86,000 US tons
Crew ship 2,800 Airwing 2,700
Speed ±30 knots 55.6 km/h
Commissioned April 29, 1961
Weight of anchors 66,140 lb each
Length of anchor chain 1,080 ft
Weight of chain links 360 lb each
Airwing F-14 Tomcat fighter
F/A-18 Hornet multirole aircraft
A-6E Intruder attack aircraft (incl. few tankers KA-6D)
S-3A/B Viking antisubmarine aircraft
E-2C Hawkeye early warning and control aircraft
SH-3H Sea King antisubmarine helicopter
C-2A Greyhound transport aircraft
Number of catapults Four,
Length of catapult 263 ft
Area of flight deck 4.1 acres
Aircraft elevators Four
Elevator lifting capacity 130,000 lb
Armament Three Sea Sparrow missiles launchers (eight missiles each), four Phalanx CWIS mounts, nine .50-cal gun mounts, two M-60 gun mounts.
Awarded: November 7, 1958
Keel laid: December 3, 1959
Launched: July 1, 1961
Commissioned: August 4, 1962
Decommissioned: October 1, 1993
Builder: Bath Iron Works, Bath, ME
Propulsion system:4 - 1200 psi boilers; 2 G E geared turbines
Length: 535 feet (163 meters)
Beam: 53 feet (16.1 meters)
Draft: 26 feet (7.9 meters)
Displacement: approx. 7,800 tons
Speed: 30+ knots
Armament: two Mk 141 Harpoon missile launchers, two 20mm Phalanx CIWS, two Mk-10 missile launchers for Standard missiles (ER), Mk 46 torpedoes from two Mk-32 triple mounts, one Mk 16 ASROC missile launcher
Crew: 27 officers and 413 enlisted
departed for her fourth WESTPAC cruise in company with KITTY HAWK, and commenced Naval Gunfire Operations off the South Vietnamese Coast on 25 November 1965. As a member of CTU 70.8.9, EDSON spent a two-week period at gunfire support and it was here on 28 November 1965 that she first fired her guns in anger. EDSON's 5�/54 cal. main battery soon became noted as a very accurate "long gun". Most of the remaining time of this fourth deployment was spent with the carrier USS HANCOCK as a member of CTC 77.3. On 19 February 1966, however, EDSON had the distinction of being perhaps the first ship assigned to escort a truck convoy when she escorted elements of the THIRD MARDIV from Da Nang to the vicinity of Hue. Other short periods were spent in SAR operations in the Gulf of Tonkin. EDSON was awarded the Vietnam Service Medal and National Defense Medal for her operations in the Vietnam combat zone.
On 26 January 1967, EDSON departed for her fifth WESTPAC deployment. EDSONs first mission was the bombardment of enemy supply depots on the coast of North Vietnam as a unit of SEA DRAGON operations. This action set the tempo for the rest of EDSONs deployment. The Commanding Officer, Cdr. J. J. VERMILYA, was awarded the Bronze Star for the heroism and professionalism that he displayed during these engagements.
EDSON HIT BY NORTH VIETNAMESE SHORE FIRE - 1967The direct hit to the foremast causing battle damage occurred during my 2nd deployment in 1967. The enemy was using a 73mm Soviet-made half-track mobile gun on shore. EDSON was providing NGFS at a position 1 or 2 miles away from the Viet Nam beach, near the DMZ. The incoming round that caused most of the damage exploded above the forward director and severed the port 'A' frame brace and all of the cables to everything electronic on the forward mast. Everything up there looked like Swiss cheese. One piece of shrapnel was found in the Commodore’s pillow and another in the bedsprings. The Flag was shot down. It was quickly hoisted up onto the yardarm. The time of day was during the evening meal - hot dogs were being served. EDSON then proceeded on to Subic Bay’s SRF and was put into a floating dry dock to check for underwater damage, as there were rounds of incoming that exploded underwater and close to the forward area. In fact, the entire ship was wet with salt water, while the weather was fair and the seas were less than one foot. There were a number of rounds that were fired upon EDSON. They straddled our wake as we zigzagged our way out from there. On 25 March 1968, EDSON departed once again for duty with the U.S. SEVENTH Fleet in the Western Pacific. With most of this sixth deployment being spent along the coast of Vietnam, it proved to be a most demanding and successful WESTPAC deployment. EDSONs primary assignment was to provide Naval Gunfire Support for Allied Forces ashore in the I Corps area. By the time EDSON made her final departure of the deployment from the Vietnamese coast, she had fired over 23,000 rounds on targets in both North and South Vietnam, rescued a downed South Vietnamese Air Force pilot, and had been named the Top GUN Destroyer in South Vietnam by the Naval Gunfire Spotters of the First Anglico Company, Fleet Marine Force. During her last period on the gun line, EDSON was again taken under fire by North Vietnamese artillery but sustained only minor damage.On 18 March 1970 EDSON again departed her homeport for another six-month deployment to the Western Pacific as a unit of the United States SEVENTH Fleet. EDSON also conducted special surveillance operations off the coast of Cambodia from 27 April 1970 to 17 May 1970. Her primary duties, however, during this cruise consisted of providing naval gunfire support along the entire coast of Vietnam from the DMZ (the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Vietnam) to the Gulf of Thailand. Arriving in Kaoshiung, Taiwan for the first liberty visit of the deployment on 30 June 1970, EDSON was forced to make an emergency sortie the next day because of the proximity of Typhoon Olga. She returned to the gunline in the II Corps area for the second and final gunline period of the deployment. On the morning of 25 July 1970 while moored at the U.S. Naval Station Subic Bay, EDSON crewmembers witnessed the crash of an E-1B Tracker aircraft about 500 yards from the ship. EDSONs alert gig crew quickly responded and rescued the two uninjured pilots of the downed aircraft within minutes. She finally returned to her homeport of Long Beach, California on 3 September 1970. During this seventh deployment, EDSON steamed over 48,500 nautical miles, fired over 5,400 rounds of 5¯/54 cal. ammunition, conducted 130 gunfire support missions, and was at sea for 133 out of 169 days. She was awarded "E"'s for excellence in all departments and the ASW excellence 'A'.
On 13 May 1971 EDSON was assigned to Task Unit 70.8.9 as a Naval Gunfire Support Destroyer in the IV Corps area of Viet Nam until 23 May 1971 providing naval gunfire support to units of the South Vietnamese Army operating in the vicinity of the U Minh Forest. , EDSON assumed duties on 6 June 1971 as screen commander for the escorting destroyers of Task Unit 77.4.2 operating with the USS MIDWAY (CVA-41) as rescue plane guard ship in the Gulf of Tonkin on YANKEE STATION until 9 June 1971. During this time MIDWAY flew numerous combat sorties. EDSON re-entered the combat zone in company with MIDWAY on 29 June 1971 and the next day was assigned to Task Unit 70.8.9 as a Naval Gunfire Support Destroyer in the I Corps area until 29 July 1971. During this month, she conducted naval gunfire support missions for South Vietnamese troops operating just south of the DMZ between North and South Vietnam. The effectiveness of EDSONs naval gunfire support received national publicity in many newspapers including The Los Angeles Times and the New York Times.
On 30 August 1971 EDSON again entered the combat zone and the next day rejoined Task Unit 70.8.9 as a Naval Gunfire Support Destroyer in the I Corps area at the DMZ until 15 September 1971. These first two weeks of September were the busiest of the cruise. EDSON fired over 4,500 rounds during this period, averaging an underway replenishment every two days and a rate of fire of one round every five minutes. Departing the gunline for the last time of this deployment on 15 September 1971,She spent 55 of those days on the gunline, firing 8,874 rounds during 1,200 missions. EDSON is authorized to wear the Vietnam Service Medal for service while operating in the Vietnam area of operations. A bronze star is authorized to be worn on the suspension bar and ribbon for the XIII campaign from 1 May 1970 to a date to be announced.; Crewmembers of the eight deployment are entitled to wear the Meritorious Unit Commendation ribbon, the third MUC for EDSON.
Crew Member: RICHARD L SANTRY
After serving in WWII, the Waller remained in reserve at Charleston, S.C., until the onset of the Korean War. Selected as one of the Fletcher-class units to be converted to escort destroyers, Waller was redesignated DDE-466 on 26 March 1949 and was recommissioned at Charleston on 5 July 1950. Following shakedown, she joined Escort Destroyer Squadron 2 as flagship on 28 January 1951.On 14 May of that year, Waller headed west to participate in the Korean War and, upon arrival near the Land of the Morning Calm, immediately joined Task Force (TF) 95 as it was proceeding to Wonsan harbor. Shortly after noon on Tuesday, the
nineteenth of June, 1951, the "Mighty Mite" was displaying her large side numerals to the North Korean and Chinese Communist forces in Wonsan, on the East coast of Korea. While the WALLER'S guns warily pointed inland, Captain Charles H. Smith, U.S.N., assumed command of the task element employed in the Wonsan harbor to provide anti-mining, anti-submarine, anti-air and counter-battery defense for all friendly forces, and in general to deny to the foe the facilities of the city of Wonsan by interdiction and destructive gunfire.It was as huge task, but the WALLER was ready and equipped to meet any enemy action. On the first day the "Mighty Mite" did not receive the adversary's baptism of fire experienced by previous relieving ships. Gun crews were anxious and waiting, but the only enemy activity observed was a large truck convoy - far out of range of the main battery. That night the WALLER, along with the U. S. S. BRINKELY BASS (DD-887) and U. S.S. DUNCAN (DDR-874), fired at known targets in Communist territory. The following day found North Korean activity still at a standstill. At nightfall, the H. M. S. WHITESAND BAY, an English patrol frigate, joined the friendly navel forces in the siege of Wonsan and covered the enemy with deadly illumination rockets. The foe received no rest as the other warships contributed accurate gunfire and aircraft from Task Force 77 bombed enemy installations. June 21 brought the arrival of an English cruiser, the H. M. S. CEYLON, and the departure of the DUNCAN, who was relieved by the WHITESAND BAY. The WALLER led the way with her firing partners, starting fires in an ammo dump and scoring hits on enemy headquarters, gun positions and trucks. Later that dame day the Communists decided to become active and a shell splash was observed only fifty yards from the WALLER. The challenge was answered and although enemy fire ceased after a brief five-minute duel, the task element continued her angry rapid- fire reply for over an additional half hour. The "Mite" was in top shape and her guns were rewarded with secondary explosions from Red supply dumps. Undoubtedly the North Koreans did not desire any more of the WALLER'S treatment, but there was no letup as the "Mighty Mite" continued to blast positions throughout the night and the following day. Opposition troops were spotted, as well as their dug-in holdings, and all received a large shipment of shells. Again Fifth Air Force planes were brought into action for bombing and strafing missions. It was that same evening that a helicopter made a daring rescue of a downed pilot, while the nearby ships offered gun support. The BASS and the H. M. S. CEYLON started large fires, one of which raged out of control for nine hours. The WALLER was credited with a fire that poured forth heavy black smoke for forty minutes. As the following dawn broke, alert lookouts and gun crews spotted major vehicular traffic along the coastal highway, and the targets were immediately taken under fire by the WALLER. A truck convoy was hit hard and many fires were started. Besides her ordinary night fire missions, the "Mighty Mite" directed planes over ripe targets to dispose of their lethal bomb loads. The aircraft held a thorough field day on the enemy. On the twenty-fifth the WALLER again loosed her might on highway traffic and troop positions. More secondary explosions occurred. This was the first anniversary of the Korean conflict but the only participants in the gunfire celebration were the forces of the United Nations. Wednesday, the twenty-seventh of June, found the U. S. S. BLUE (DD-744), the U.S. S. FRANK E. EVANS (DD-754) and the WALLER in Wonsan's inner harbor. That afternoon the Reds displayed their displeasure when a gun position on Kalma Gak Peninsula opened fire on the "Mighty Mite". General Quarters was sounded and all ships maneuvered evasively as angry guns spoke up for the United Nations. Opposing guns were silenced after a short duel during which each ship was straddled once by unfriendly shells. Only a scant few minutes had elapsed when General Quarters again summoned the sailors to repulse enemy fire. This was going to be a busy day for the warships as the North Koreans continued to beg for action. Their pleas were well-answered by blazing guns on all ships. The inner harbor received heavy enemy fire but no damage was inflicted on the friendly forces. It was not until late that night that counter-battery fire died away. The "Mighty Mite" had voiced her opinion in the form of over six-hundred rounds of large caliber shells. Wonsan Bay was overflowing with naval activity on the twenty-eighth. The U. S. S. NEW JERSEY (BB-62), the U. S.S. TOLEDO (CA-133) and three destroyers steamed into the bay to conduct fire missions. This was also the day for the "Mighty Mite" to bid farewell to her antagonist, and she did so with raging gunfire. During the following summer, the destroyer acted as an escort for 7th Fleet units exercising in waters off Okinawa before returning to the seaborne blockade lanes in October 1951 for a two-week tour of duty before again returning to the United States.
Career Ordered: Laid down: 9 August 1943 Launched: 9 January 1944 Commissioned: 31 March 1944 Decommissioned: 1973 Struck: 3 December 1973 Fate: To South Korea 5 December 1973, renamed Incheon. Stricken and broken up for scrap in 1993. Displacement: 2,200 tons Length: 376 ft 6 in (114.8 m) Beam: 41 ft 1 in (12.5 m) Draft: 15 ft 8 in (4.8 m) Propulsion: 60,000 shp (45 MW);
2 propellers Speed: 34 knots (63 km/h) Range: 6500 nmi. (12,000 km)
@ 15 kt Complement: 336 Armament: 6 × 5 in./38 guns (12 cm),
12 × 40mm AA guns,
11 × 20mm AA guns,
10 × 21 in. torpedo tubes,
6 × depth charge projectors,
2 × depth charge tracks
CLASS - ESSEX (Long Hull)
Keel laid: January 15, 1943
Launched: February 24, 1944
Commissioned: September 15, 1944
Decommissioned: July 30, 1971
Builder: Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Norfolk, Va.
Propulsion system: 8 boilers
Aircraft elevators: three
Arresting gear cables: four
Length: 894.4 feet (272.6 meters)
Flight Deck Width: 192.9 feet (58.5m)
Beam: 101 feet (30.8 meters)
Draft: 30.8 feet (9.4 meters)
Displacement: approx. 44,700 tons
Speed: 33 knots
Planes: 80-100 planes
Crew: approx. 3448 1945: 12 5-inch ) 38 caliber guns, 44 40mm guns and 60 20mm guns
* 1957: 8 5-inch (12.7 cm) 38 caliber guns and 24 3-inch (7.6cm) 50 caliber guns
* 1958: 8 5-inch (12.7 cm) 38 caliber guns
* 1969: 4 5-inch (12.7 cm) 38 caliber guns
CLASS - FLETCHER As Built.
Operational and Building Data
Laid down by Federal Shipbuilding, Kearny NJ. February 12 1942.
Launched August 15 1942 and commissioned October 1 1942.Displacement 2924 Tons (Full), Dimensions, 376' 5"(oa) x 39' 7" x 13' 9" (Max)
Armament 5 x 5"/38AA, 4 x 1.1" AA, 4 x 20mm AA, 10 x 21" tt.(2x5).
Machinery, 60,000 SHP; General Electric Geared Turbines, 2 screws
Speed, 38 Knots, Range 6500 NM@ 15 Knots, Crew 273.
Decommissioned January (?) 1946, Recommissioned July 5 1950.
Reclassified DDE-466 March 26 1949, Reverted To DD- 466 June 30 1962.
Decommissioned July 15 1969.
Stricken July 15 1969.
Fate Sunk as target off Rhode Island June 17 1970.
and Vice Admiral McCain relieved Vice Admiral Mitscher as Commander, Task Force 38, retaining Shangri-La as his flagship. On 2 and 3 June, the task force launched air strikes on the Japanese home islands--aimed particu larly at Kyushu, the southernmost of the major islands. Facing the stiffest airborne resistance to date, Shangri-La's airmen suffered their heaviest casualties. On 4 and 5 June, she moved off to the northwest to avoid a typhoon; then, on the 6th, her planes returned to close air support duty over Okinawa. On the 8th, her air group hit Kyushu again, and, on the following day, they came back to Okinawa. On the 1 0th, the task force cleared Okinawa for Leyte, conducting drills en route. Shangri-La entered Leyte Gulf and anchored in San Pedro Bay on 13 June. She remained at anchor there for the rest of June, engaged in upkeep and recreation. On 1 July, Shangri-La got underway from Leyte to return to the combat zone. On the 2d, the oath of office of Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air was administered to John L. Sullivan on board Shangri-La, the first ceremony of its type e ver undertaken in a combat zone. Eight days later, her air group commenced a series of air strikes against Japan which lasted until the capitulation on 15 August. Shangri-La's planes ranged the length of the island chain during these raids. On the 10th, they attacked Tokyo, the first raid there since the strikes of the previous February. On 14 and 15 July, they pounded Honshu and Hokkaido and, on the 18th , returned to Tokyo, also bombing battleship Nagato, moored close to shore at Yokosuka. From 20 to 22 July, Shangri-La joined the logistics group for fuel, replacement aircraft, and mail. By the 24th, her pilots were attacking shipping in the vicinity of Kure. They returned the next day for a repeat performance, before departing for a two-day replenishment period on the 26th and 27th. On the following day, Shangri-La's aircraft damaged cruiser Oyoda, and battleship Harun a, the latter so badly that she beached and flooded. She later had to be abandoned. They pummeled Tokyo again on 30 July, then cleared the area to replenish on 31 July and 1 August. Shangri-La spent the next four days in the retirement area waiting for a typhoon to pass. On 9 August, after heavy fog had caused the cancellation of the previous day's missions, the carrier sent her planes aloft to bomb Honshu and Hokkaido once again. The next day, they raided Tokyo and central Honshu, then retired from the area for logistics. She evaded another typhoon on 11 and 12 August, then hit Tokyo again on the 13th. After replenishing on the 14th, she sent planes to strike the airfiel ds around Tokyo on the morning of 15 August 1945. Soon thereafter, Japan's capitulation was announced; and the fleet was ordered to cease hostilities. Shangri-La steamed around in the strike area from 15 to 23 August, patrolling the Honshu area o n the latter d ate. Between 23 August and 16 September, her planes sortied on missions of mercy, air-dropping supplies to Allied prisoners of war in Japan. Shangri-La entered Tokyo Bay on 16 September, almost two weeks after the surrender ceremony on board Missouri (BB-63), and remained there until 1 October. Departing Japan, she arrived at Okinawa on 4 October stayed until the 6th, and then headed for the United States in company with Task Unit 38.1.1. She sailed into San Pedro Bay, Calif., on 21 October and stayed at Long Beach for three weeks. On 5 November, she shifted to San Diego, departing that port a month later for Bremerton, Wash. She entered Puget Sound on 9 December, underwent availability until the 30th, and then returned to San Diego. Upon her return, Shangri-La began normal operations out of San Diego, primarily engaged in pilot carrier landing qualifications. In May 1946, she sailed for the Central Pacific to participate in Operation "Crossroads," the atomic bomb tests conducted at Bikini Atoll. Following this, she made a brief training cruise to Pearl Harbor, then wintered at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. In March 1947, she deployed again, calling at Pearl Harbor and Sydney, Australia. When she returned to the United States, Shangri-La was decommissioned on 7 November 1947. Shangri-La recommissioned on 10 May 1951, Capt. Francis L. Busey in command. Reclassified an attack aircraft carrier, CVA-38. in 1952, she returned to Puget Sound that fall and decommissioned again on 14 November, this time for modernization at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. During the next two years, she received an angled flight deck, twin steam catapults, and her aircraft elevators and arresting gear were overhauled. At a cost of approximately $7 million, she was virtually a new ship when she commissioned for the third time on 10 January 1955,.On 30 June 19 69, she was redesignated an antisubmarine warfare aircraft carrier CVS-38. In 1970, Shangri-La returned to the western Pacific after an absence of ten years. She got underway from Mayport on 5 March, stopped at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from the 13 th to the 16th , and headed east through the Atlantic and Indian oceans. She arrived in Subic Bay, R.P., on 4 April and, during the next seven months, launched combat sorties from Yankee station. Her tours of duty on Yankee station were punctuated by frequent logistics trips to Subic Bay. On 9 November, Shangri-La stood out of Subic Bay to return home. Shangri-La decommissioned on 30 July 1971. She was placed in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet remained in the reserve fleet for the next 11 years, and was stricken from the Navy List on 15 July 1982. On 9 August 1988, she was disposed of by the Marine Administration.
With the outbreak of the Korean War, hospital ships were desperately needed. Following the sinking of sister ship Benevolence off fog-bound San Francisco in August 1950, Haven was taken out of reserve and commissioned 15 September 1950. She sailed 25 September via Pearl Harbor for Inchon, Korea, site of one of the most audacious and skillful amphibious operations in history, The hospital ship remained off Inchon caring for casualties until 6 January 1951, when the attacking Chinese Communists forced her to move further south. She steamed via Pusan to Sasebo, Japan.
Haven returned to Pusan 5 February to care for battle casualties, and after another voyage to Inchon remained at Pusan until she sailed for the United States arriving San Francisco 30 October 1951. Eager to get back into action, however, she began her second tour of Korean duty 7 January 1952. She operated off Inchon and Pusan during the months that followed, receiving many of her patients by helicopter directly from the front lines. Haven sailed again for the United States 16 September 1952, and, after the installation of a new flight deck to facilitate helicopter evacuation of patients, once more steamed out of San Diego 24 January 1953. She returned to her regular station in Inchon harbor where during the next 7 months she treated almost 3,000 patients.
The veteran hospital ship sailed for the United States 20 August 1953, and, after her arrival at San Francisco 3 September, operated off the coast of California. She began her fourth tour of duty in Korea 4 January 1954, arriving Inchon 7 February to provide regular medical care for troops. Haven also made occasional visits to Japan; and on 1 September with Korea in a state of uneasy truce, she was ordered to French Indochina, arriving Saigon 9 September. There she brought French troops on board as Vietnam was partitioned and the French army withdrawn. Haven sailed to Oran and Marseille in October to disembark the soldiers, and completing her round-the-world voyage arrived Long Beach via the Panama Canal 1 November 1954.
Haven took part in fleet maneuvers and provided hospital services for
On 10 April, 1945 she weighed anchor for Ulithi Atoll where she arrived ten days later. After an overnight stay in the lagoon, Shangri-La departed Ulithi in company with Haggard (DD-555) and Stembel (DD-644) to report for duty with Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's Fast Carrier Task Force. On 24 April, she joined Task Group 58.4 while it was conducting a fueling rendezvous with TG 50.8. The next day, Shangri-La and her air group, CVG-85, launched their first strike against the Japanese. The target was Okino Daito Jima, a group of islands several hundred miles to the southeast of Okinawa. Her planes successfully destroyed radar and radio installations there and, upon their recovery, the task group sailed for Okinawa. Shangri- La supplied combat air patrols for the task group and close air support for the 10th Army on Okinawa before returning to Ulithi on 14 May. While at Ulithi, Shangri-La became the flagship of the 2d Carrier Task Force. Vice Admiral John S McCain hoisted his flag in Shangri-La on 18 May. Six days later, TG 58.4, with Shangri-La in company, sortied from the lagoon. On 28 May, TG 58.4 became TG 38.4
Due to the growing crisis in Beirut, JFK was called upon in 1983 to support US operations in the area. During the one year period that the Kennedy spent in and out of the Beirut Theater of Operations, JFK earned her 9th Battle "E" efficiency award.
On January 4, 1989 while conducting routine flight operations in international waters on her 12th Mediterranean cruise, F-14's assigned to the Kennedy shot down two Libyan Mig-23's that were approaching the battle group in a hostile manner.
Awarded: April 30, 1964
Keel laid: October 22, 1964
Launched: May 27, 1967
Commissioned: September 7, 1968
Builder: Newport News Shipbldg Co Newport News, Va.
Propulsion system: eight boilers
Blades on each Propeller: five
Aircraft elevators: four
Arresting gear cables: four
Length, overall: 1,050 feet (320 m)
Flight Deck Width: 267 feet (81.4 m)
Beam: 128 feet (39.2 meters)
Draft: 36,7 feet (11.2 meters)
Displacement: approx. 80,950 tons
Speed: 30+ knots
Planes: approx. 78
Crew: Ship: 3,117 Air Wing: 2,480
Armament: two Mk 29 NATO Sea Sparrow launchers, 2 20mm Phalanx CIWS Mk 15, 2 Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) Systems
Homeport: Mayport, Fla.